Tibiao is an agricultural fourth class municipality located in the northern part of Antique, Region 6, Philippines. It lies 122 degrees, 03 minutes, 003 seconds east longitude and 11 degrees, 18 minutes, 00 seconds north on the latitude scale. The municipality is 75 kilometers north of San Jose de Buenavista - the capital town of the province of Antique and it is 73 kilometers from the northernmost municipality of Libertad. It is bounded on the south by the Municipality of Barbaza and on the north by the Municipality of Culasi; on the east by the mountain ranges of Madalag, Aklan and Jamindan, Capiz and on the west by Cuyo East Pass of the South China Sea. It is composed of a 2-hectare island popularly known as Seco Island and 21 barangays: 8 are classified as upland, 8 upland-lowland and the rest as lowland. Furthermore, four (4) of its lowland barangays and four (4) upland-lowland barangays are considered also as coastal.The municipality has a total land area of 17,742.1179 hectares as per cadastral survey.
The climate of the entire municipality based on the distribution of rainfall is Type III. The seasons are not very pronounced but are relatively dry from November to April and wet during the rest of the year.
TOPOGRAPHY AND SLOPE:
The topography of Tibiao varies from very steep hills and mountains to moderate steep to slightly rolling hills to almost flat or gradually inclined plains.
2,180.0620 hectares - are almost flat plains with 0-3% slope
Or 3 meters high;
14,384.9921 hectares - are very steep hills and mountainous1,177.0638 hectares - gently sloping to undulating lands
Based on genetic and morphological characteristics, there are five (5) different types of soil in the municipality, to wit:
1. Umingan Sandy loam
2. San Manuel Loam
3. Alimodian Sandy Clay
4. Beach Sand, and
5. Mountain Soils (undifferentiated)
Generally, Tibiao’s soil is predominantly of loam classification in its lowland which is suitable for rice and other crops.
Tibiao River is the principal source of water for irrigation in the mountains and in lowland areas and the other source is from Dalanas River of Barbaza. A number of creeks, brooks, and waterfalls have supported some of its watershed areas.
As per records of Community Environment & Natural Resources Office, Culasi, Antique about 60.01% of the land area of Tibiao is classified as forest land. Alienable and Disposable land accounted 38.01% and the remaining area is covered by rivers, creeks and roads.
Origin of Town's Name:
During the Spanish times, Spanish soldiers happened to see group of natives picking up shells locally known as “Kuhol” in the muddy fields of Hatayhatay. They asked the natives what was the name of the municipality while pointing to the vast expanse of land in the municipality which, is covered with tall grasses locally known as “TIGBAO”. The natives misconstrued the question and believing that the Spaniards are asking for the name of the tall grasses thus, quickly answered, “Tigbao”. Since then, they started calling the place Tigbao but due to the difficulty in pronouncing the word they changed it to TIBIAO by which name the municipality is known up to the present.
People of Tibiao is a mixture of races as a result of intermarriages between the natives and foreigers. Basically, the majority are of malay decent. Second dominant are of chinese decent, and some minorities including muslims, the ethnic aetas, meztiso and indians.
The Roman Catholic Church is the dominant religion in Tibiao followed by Iglesia Filipina Independente or the Aglipayan. Other notable religions include Seventh Day Adventist, Iglesia ni Cristo, Apostolic church, the foursquare church, the Baptist, and Born again. Animism still exist in remote areas specifically in upland where anitos and babaylans are still practiced.
Universtiy of antique has four campuses and one is located in the heart of Tibiao-the UA-TLM Campus. This is one of the biggest educational institutions in the province of antique that provide quality education for the province development. Click here to view UA-TLMC website.
Two hours away south of the famous Boracay island is a quiet town of Tibiao in the heart of the provice of Antique. This town may not be a popular tourist destination but it has surprisingly something to offer with its unspoiled and panoramic beauty.
See the a seven-tiered waterfalls called Bugtong Bato in barangay tuno, feel the rapids of the Tibiao River, soak in the hot kawa tub in barangay malabor, commune with the rain forest and feel the refreshing water of Butong river in Barangay Tigbaboy, swim in the white sand beach of Seco island Point and witness its rich marine life. Experience also the appearance of the highest peak in panay island, the Mt. Madia-as.
Tibiao, Antique can be reached by plane via Caticlan and Kalibo, Aklan or via Iloilo.
Caticlan: Philippine Airlines, Cebu Pacific and Air Philippines have flights to Kalibo from Manila while Air Philippines, Cebu Pacific, Asian Spirit, InterIsland Air and SEA Air has direct flights to Caticlan. From Caticlan, ride a jeepney to Nabas Crossing, a 30-minute ride then catch another jeepney or bus for a two-and-a-half hour ride to Tibiao.
Iloilo: Philippine Airlines, Cebu Pacific and Air Philippines fly to Iloilo from Manila and Cebu daily, travel time is an hour more or less. From Iloilo, there are van and buses going to Libertad, Pandan, Culasi, Caticlan and Kalibo via Tibiao, it is a two-hour ride for P85.00 (<$2).
By Land and Water
Tibiao can be reach by bus and/or ferry rides. These alternatives are relatively cheaper than air travel though quite strenous.)
Where to Stay
If you plan to spend the night in Antique, you may opt to check-in at Kayak Inn, Tibiao or at Kam’mea Beach Resort in San Jose. But since Boracay and Iloilo are just 2 to 3 hours away, you may also scout for the wide list of hotels and lodges in these places.
Also, HOMETEL in University of Antique-TLR Campus offers a higher class hotel for a very affordable prices.